Existing reinforced concrete structures are typically equipped with infill walls adjacent to the perimeter frames. These walls are made of semi-solid or hollow brick masonry. During seismic excitation, out-of-plane collapse of these walls may occur due to their low flexural strength.
The following describes the verification procedure for infill walls subjected to out-of-plane excitations, both for unreinforced walls and walls reinforced with the use of composite materials.
A numerical study is also presented, highlighting the performance of both unreinforced and reinforced walls with different geometries and the presence of openings.
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